Amber - ‘The Gold of the North’ – fossilised tree resin, with its history going back millions years was highly valued by ancient civilizations, especially by Greeks and Romans, for fending off many medical conditions such as asthma and rheumatism. It is believed to have magical properties and to bring good luck to its owner. Amber is a very special gemstone with many mysteries passed on generations.

Find out more about this amazing gemstone with our 7 Things You Never Knew About Amber

Natural amber occurs in a range of different colours. From usual yellow-orange-golden cognac that is associated with the colour "amber", amber as a gemstone can range from a whitish, milky colour through a pale lemon yellow, to brown and almost black. Other unusual and exceptional colours include red amber - known as "cherry amber" and blue amber, which are rare and highly sought after. The colour and the degree of transparency depend on the size and pattern of trapped bubbles. Generally the greater the density of gas bubbles the whiter the colour of amber piece. In the middle ages, it was believed that white amber had the best healing powers and it was the most expensive type of amber.
Baltic Amber Colours, Monartti Jewellery
No wonder that with so much to offer and an amazing variety of colours, shapes and sometimes animal and plant material as inclusions, amber has been hugely appreciated for its uniqueness. However, it is not only amber uniqueness that matters; it is also the quality of raw amber and whether it has been treated or processed.

The first step, critical for producing an exceptional quality of amber jewellery in processing raw amber is called clarifying. In this stage, the amber is boiled in an oil in order to clear the stone of any imperfections and to reduce any cloudiness; alternately, the amber may be baked for the same purpose. Then the amber stone is being filed and sanded in order to give it shape and definition. The most skilled jewellers will ensure that the inclusion, or the fossilised object within your amber jewel, is positioned in such a way that it draws attention to your jewellery. The last step in the process of making amber jewellery involves polishing the amber and then placing it in a sterling silver or other metal settings.